UNDERSTANDING TAXOTERE CHEMOTHERAPY
A Guide for Patients produced by the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh
This guide has been designed to help you and your family understand more about the chemotherapy you are about to have as treatment for your cancer. If you need more information or have any further questions, please do not hesitate to ask your hospital doctor or chemotherapy nurse.
What Is Cancer?
Our bodies are made up of tiny structures called cells that cannot be seen by the naked eye. Normally these cells reproduce themselves by dividing in a regular fashion. This enables growth and repair of the body tissues. Sometimes an uncontrolled growth of cells occurs. This is what happens in cancer.
What is Chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy means treatment with medicines called cytotoxic drugs that are given to eradicate or control cancer cells that are known to be present and may be causing symptoms.
How Do Chemotherapy Drugs
The drugs enter the bloodstream and are distributed to all parts of your body. It is likely to take at least 3-5 weeks from the start of your treatment for any benefit to be seen. The drugs destroy the cancer cells by interfenng with their ability to grow and divide. Chemotherapy can also affect normal cells which are growmg and dividing This may cause certain side effects, but these are temporary because healthy cells grow back to normal quickly. The side effects of the drugs in this treatment will be discussed later.
How Are Chemotherapy
The drug(s) enter your bloodstream through a cannula (a fine tube that is inserted temporarily into a vein on the back of your hand and is attached to an intravenous drip containing saline). Your chemotherapy nurse will then administer the drug slowly over 60 minutes through a port in the drip tubing.
What Can I Do While Having
While you are having this chemotherapy treatment you can get on with life as normal, Provided you feel well enough, you can carry on working and doing your favourite activities and hobbies. You should discuss this with the hospital doctor or chemotherapy nurse caring for you
If it fits in around your treatments you can go on holiday provided you discuss it first with your doctor or nurse before aranging it. If you are gomg abroad you may need a covermg letter You should also use a high factor sun lotion as you are more likely to burn in the sun.
You can eat and drink as normal while on this treatment and alcohol is permitted. You may find you experience taste changes; food and drinks may not taste as they did before This will return to normal once the treatment has finished.
What is Taxotere?
Taxotere is the name of the chemotherapy drug which you are going to receive. It is a colourless drug which is given as an infusion (drip) lasting 1 hour You will receive this drug every week. The number of chemotherapy treatments given vanes depending on each individual's treatment plan. You will be seen regularly by your specialist doctor at a clinic to assess this, so he/she can monitor the effect of your chemotherapy.
Will I have any side
As with most forms of chemotherapy, it is likely that you will experience at least some side effects, although the extent of this varies considerably from patient to patient. Below are some of the side effects which may be experienced and we will make every effort to minimise them.
1. Nausea and Vomiting
Some patients can experience moderate nausea and occasional vomiting with this treatment, however m most cases it can be effectively controlled with anti-sickness therapy, and there are a wide range of effective drugs. Anti sickness drugs will be given to you as a prevention during administration of the chemotherapy and you will be given a supply to take home with you.
2. Hair Loss
It is very likely that hair loss will be experienced and this will occur 3-4 weeks after your chemotherapy treatment begins. However, hair does regrow on completion of treatment. Your chemotherapy nurse will discuss measures to help prevent this i.e. scalp cooling and the provision of a wig.
3. A Sore Mouth
Mouth ulcers both inside and outside the mouth i.e. lips, can occur during your treatment. We will give you mouthwashes to use when you start your treatment to try and counteract any problems. Contact your GP for advice if your mouth becomes sore or ulcerated as there are further measures that can be given to help this.
4. Increased Risk of
Durmg your chemotherapy you are more likely to pick up infections. If you feel shivery - hot then cold, similar to flu, or have a sore throat or earache you should report this immediately to your GP. If you are unable to contact your GP practice, phone the hospital for advice on the numbers given. Urgent treatment with antibiotics may be necessary.
5. Aching or Pain in
Muscles and Points
This may occur a few days after treatment. It does not last long and simple painkillers may help. If this persists for more than 2-3 days, please contact your GP.
6. Fluid Retention (ankle
You will be given some tablets before and after your chemotherapy to help prevent this. However, any fluid retention will resolve once the treatment has finished.
Less commonly patients have reported other side effects including diarrhoea and skin rashes. When you attend for your next course of treatment please let your chemotherapy nurse know if you have experienced any side effects. The doctor may wish to adjust the dose of chemotherapy to lessen your side effects. You may also feel tired at times. This can get worse the more treatments you have, but should improve on completion of the chemotherapy regime.
We hope this information has helped you understand more about the taxotere chemotherapy, If you have any further questions or do have any problems, please phone using the contact numbers provided..
Ward 1 (Mon - Fri 083 0-1630) 0131 5372219
Ward 4 (Emergency advice out of hours) 0131 537 2200